The container throughput of Shanghai port is about to soar beyond 20million TEUs, and Yangshan phase I and Shanghai Waigaoqiao wharf are booming. However, an invisible "cancer" - the case of concealing the report of dangerous goods in container transportation, has caused frequent container ship fire accidents, surrounded by dangers, and has spread, eroding the body of Shanghai international shipping center
not long ago, the "National Maritime 2 in the electronic information and electrical industry 2006 'hundred day battle' safety special rectification action for the transportation of dangerous goods on water" came to an end. During this time, the Shanghai Maritime Safety Administration made a special attack on the concealment of dangerous goods transportation in containers, and the results were fruitful: 57 unpacking inspections were carried out, 147 containers were unpacked, 24 cases of concealment of dangerous goods transportation were found, 55 containers involved in concealment of inspection results were inaccurate, and 9 cases of non-conforming stowage of dangerous goods containers were found
open the box to enforce the law and directly deal with the "source of disease"
headache cures the head, and foot pain cures the foot. In response to the concealment of dangerous goods declaration, Shanghai Maritime Safety Administration took the lead in carrying out unpacking inspection of domestic trade containers at Wujing maritime department in 2002. After 4 years, a set of effective unpacking inspection procedures, including the basic working procedures of unpacking inspection, the format of unpacking inspection documents, the key points of handling and investigating concealed cases and violations, emerged
in order to improve the "hard work" of unpacking inspection, from May 31 to June 1, 2006, the bureau also organized more than 50 front-line risk prevention backbones to carry out strict business training. The maritime departments under the bureau also responded one after another. Through strengthening the dynamic tracking of "recidivists" and issuing reward measures for reporting to the public, Waigaoqiao and other maritime departments searched for clues of containers with major suspects of concealment and implemented unpacking inspection, which greatly improved the unpacking detection rate. The law enforcement officers of Lanzhou road and Wujing maritime department went deep into the dock yard to read the waybill and packing list, and screened and carefully checked the product name, quantity and packing point shown in the document one by one, looking for suspicious containers. On August 12, the law enforcement officers of Lanzhou road maritime department assisted in the investigation of the "Xiangrui" ship, and found four concealed containers marked as "floor tiles" on the waybill, which were actually class 4.1 dangerous goods "sodium bisulfite"
at the same time, the bureau also carried out research on the container shipping process, analyzed the causes of false reporting and possible means, and looked for a breakthrough to identify the containers of dangerous goods suspected of false reporting and concealment. At the same time, through the analysis of the investigation and handling of the case, it is concluded that the common means of falsely reporting and concealing dangerous goods, such as "cheating" on the name of the entrusted transportation, making "Yin and Yang consignment note", injection molding machine giant, and the Engel group headquartered in Austria, are producing a large machine LCL cargo, and providing inconsistent information for customs declaration twice, so as to improve the hit rate of unpacking inspection
EDI hardware accurately locks the "problem set box"
in order to achieve practical results in unpacking inspection, improving the hit rate is the key. Since April 1, the Bureau has experimented with EDI electronic declaration for ships carrying dangerous goods in and out of foreign trade containers, changing the traditional declaration method that has been implemented by port and shipping units for many years and manually reviewed by the maritime department, and gradually realizing the paperless and electronic declaration method of dangerous goods
for example, maritime departments such as Waigaoqiao and Wusong use the EDI ship borne container cargo export booking and pre allocation information query system to understand the name, packaging type, shipper information, declaration and other contents of the container cargo shipped from Shanghai port, so as to determine the object of unpacking inspection. The EDI information monitoring system is used to strengthen the monitoring of export general cargo containers. Through information analysis, the containers suspected of concealing dangerous goods are removed, screened and locked, which greatly improves the hit rate of unpacking
during the "hundred day battle", Waigaoqiao maritime department carried out unpacking for 15 times, and found 10 cases of false reporting and concealment, with a hit rate of 67%; Wusong maritime department implemented unpacking 13 times, and found 10 cases of false reports, with a hit rate of 77%. The power of digital maritime has been strongly shown in the special rectificationDetermination of formaldehyde in the air of public places gb/t 18204.26 ⑵ 000
long-term good prescription for the treatment of "stubborn diseases"
the treatment focuses on the source. The Bureau withdrew the investigation and filing of 131 major shipping companies, 48 shipping agents, 251 declaration units and 167 packers engaged in the transportation of dangerous goods on board. At the beginning of June, the bureau also organized more than 300 dangerous goods practitioners engaged in dangerous goods declaration and packing inspection of maritime dangerous goods in Shanghai area to carry out knowledge updating training against 32 sets of new knowledge of "international dangerous goods regulations"
system construction promotes management. The Bureau launched the "management measures for the credit rating of declaration and container packing of dangerous goods carried by ships" (Provisional), and established a credit rating mechanism for units and personnel related to maritime dangerous goods; "Notice of Shanghai Maritime Safety Administration on reiterating relevant matters concerning the safety supervision of containers of high-risk dangerous goods on board", the filing system is implemented for ships and relevant units that ship high-risk dangerous goods in Shanghai port, highlighting the key monitoring of major hazard sources of ships, so as to strengthen pre control. Internally, the Bureau has established and improved the assessment plan of hazard prevention business, issued the "notice on the assessment requirements of hazard prevention site management in 2006", and optimized the assessment of hazard prevention business at the grass-roots level with the implementation of post responsibilities as the core and on-site inspection as the focus
strictly enforce the law and block the front door. On July 17, the Cyprus ship "Tatiana" operated by Maersk steamship company applied to the Bureau for transit declaration, and it was found that the stowage of containers of category 5.1 and Category 3 dangerous goods on board violated the requirements of the international dangerous goods code. In view of the fact that the ship was a "recidivist", the Bureau required the ship to go through the port entry procedures after overturning and correctly isolating the two types of goods
through the above measures, the Bureau has established a long-term management mechanism to ensure the safety of maritime dangerous goods in Shanghai port
declaration increased by nearly 50% year-on-year
the "action to combat false reporting" formed a strong deterrent, resulting in a significant increase in the declaration of container dangerous goods. Taking the number of declarations of dangerous goods in foreign trade containers accepted by the dangerous goods declaration window of the Bureau as an example, 4097 declarations were accepted in July last year, and 6092 declarations were accepted in July this year, an increase of 48.6% over the same period last year
at present, the public is actively reporting the concealment of dangerous goods transportation to the Bureau. Since this year, four cases of concealment have been detected successively after receiving the report. Before shipping chemicals, shipping companies and shippers took the initiative to consult the bureau about the dangerous nature of the goods, and dared not rush to ship as ordinary goods. For example, the Bureau found that the ordinary goods carried by a company in Shandong were actually dangerous goods after several unpacking inspections. The company learned from the bitter experience and actively took effective measures to strengthen internal management: the department accepting the consignment of goods is required to assign a special person to review the cargo information. Once it is found that the cargo owner ships with ordinary goods, it will immediately ask the booking unit to return the customs and not accept the shipment; For some chemicals whose properties are difficult to determine, take the initiative to call Shanghai Maritime Safety Administration for consultation; The booking units that have been seized by the maritime authorities for more than oneortwo times will be disqualified from booking space and will no longer accept their entrustment
the "hundred day battle" in Shanghai has dealt a heavy blow to the concealment of dangerous goods containers in Shanghai port and defended the healthy development of Shanghai international shipping center
source: International Business Daily